Harnessing the Power of Genomics to Secure the Future of Seafood

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragÖversiktsartikel

Abstract

Best use of scientific knowledge is required to maintain the fundamental role of seafood in human nutrition. While it is acknowledged that genomic-based methods allow the collection of powerful data, their value to inform fisheries management, aquaculture, and biosecurity applications remains underestimated. We review genomic applications of relevance to the sustainable management of seafood resources, illustrate the benefits of, and identify barriers to their integration. We conclude that the value of genomic information towards securing the future of seafood does not need to be further demonstrated. Instead, we need immediate efforts to remove structural roadblocks and focus on ways that support integration of genomic-informed methods into management and production practices. We propose solutions to pave the way forward. Advancements of genetic technologies now allow the collection of genome-wide data in nonmodel species in a cost-effective manner. These genomic-informed technologies allow addressing a comprehensive spectrum of needs and applications relevant to fisheries, aquaculture, and biosecurity. Genomics tools also improve our understanding of how aquatic organisms adapt and respond to the environment, and improve our ability to monitor environmental variation and exploited species. Genomic approaches are now rapidly replacing traditional genetic markers, but their application in fisheries and aquaculture management has stagnated when compared to agriculture where they have long been used for improved production. There is no reason to further delay the application of genomic tools in fisheries management and aquaculture production.

Detaljer

Författare
  • Louis Bernatchez
  • Maren Wellenreuther
  • Cristián Araneda
  • David T. Ashton
  • Julia M.I. Barth
  • Terry D. Beacham
  • Gregory E. Maes
  • Jann T. Martinsohn
  • Kristina M. Miller
  • Kerry A. Naish
  • Jennifer R. Ovenden
  • Craig R. Primmer
  • Ho Young Suk
  • Nina O. Therkildsen
  • Ruth E. Withler
Enheter & grupper
Externa organisationer
  • Laval University
  • The New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Limited, Nelson, New Zealand
  • University of Chile
  • University of Oslo
  • James Cook University
  • Catholic University of Leuven
  • European Commission Joint Research Centre, Ispra
  • University of Washington
  • University of Queensland
  • Cornell University
  • Fisheries and Oceans Canada
  • University Hospitals Leuven
  • University of Helsinki
  • Yeungnam University
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Vilt- och fiskeförvaltning
  • Genetik
Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)665-680
Antal sidor16
TidskriftTrends in Ecology and Evolution
Volym32
Utgåva nummer9
StatusPublished - 2017 sep 1
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa