Heparin-binding protein in sputum as a marker of pulmonary inflammation, lung function, and bacterial load in children with cystic fibrosis

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Abstract

Background: Cystic fibros.000000 bacterial pulmonary infections and neutrophil-dominated inflammation in the airways. The aim of this study was to evaluate the neutrophil-derived protein Heparin-binding protein (HBP) as a potential sputum marker of airway inflammation and bacterial load. Methods: Nineteen CF patients, aged 6-18 years, were prospectively followed for 6 months with sputum sampling at every visit to the CF clinic. A total of 41 sputum samples were collected. Sputum-HBP was analysed with ELISA, neutrophil elastase activity with a chromogenic assay, and total bacterial load with RT-PCR of the 16 s rDNA gene. Data were compared to lung function parameters and airway symptoms. Results: HBP and elastase correlated to a decrease in FEV1%predicted compared to the patients' individual baseline pulmonary function (ΔFEV1), but not to bacterial load. Area under the receiver operating characteristic curve values for the detection of > 10% decrease in ΔFEV1 were 0.80 for HBP, 0.78 for elastase, and 0.54 for bacterial load. Conclusions: Sputum HBP is a promising marker of airway inflammation and pulmonary function in children with CF.

Detaljer

Författare
Enheter & grupper
Externa organisationer
  • Skåne University Hospital
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Lungmedicin och allergi

Nyckelord

Originalspråkengelska
Artikelnummer104
TidskriftBMC Pulmonary Medicine
Volym18
Utgivningsnummer1
StatusPublished - 2018 jun 20
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa