High Levels of Soluble Lectinlike Oxidized Low-Density Lipoprotein Receptor-1 Are Associated With Carotid Plaque Inflammation and Increased Risk of Ischemic Stroke

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

Abstract

Background When the lectinlike oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox LDL) receptor-1 ( LOX -1), a scavenger receptor for ox LDL , binds ox LDL , processes leading to endothelial dysfunction and inflammation are promoted. We aimed to study release mechanisms of LOX -1 and how circulating levels of soluble LOX -1 ( sLOX -1) relate to plaque inflammation and future risk for ischemic stroke. Methods and Results Endothelial cells and leukocytes were used to study release of sLOX -1. Plasma levels of sLOX -1 were determined in 4703 participants in the Malmö Diet and Cancer cohort. Incidence of ischemic stroke was monitored. For 202 patients undergoing carotid endarterectomy, levels of sLOX -1 were analyzed in plasma and plaque homogenates and related to plaque inflammation factors. Endothelial cells released sLOX -1 when exposed to ox LDL . A total of 257 subjects experienced stroke during a mean follow-up of 16.5 years. Subjects in the highest tertile of sLOX -1 had a stroke hazard ratio of 1.75 (95% CI, 1.28-2.39) compared with those in the lowest tertile after adjusting for age and sex. The patients undergoing carotid endarterectomy had a significant association between plasma sLOX -1 and the plaque content of sLOX -1 ( r=0.209, P=0.004). Plaques with high levels of sLOX -1 had more ox LDL , proinflammatory cytokines, and matrix metalloproteinases. Conclusions Our findings demonstrate that ox LDL induces the release of sLOX -1 from endothelial cells and that circulating levels of sLOX -1 correlate with carotid plaque inflammation and risk for ischemic stroke. These observations provide clinical support to experimental studies implicating LOX -1 in atherosclerosis and its possible role as target for cardiovascular intervention.

Detaljer

Författare
Enheter & grupper
Externa organisationer
  • Skåne University Hospital
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Kardiologi

Nyckelord

Bidragets titel på inmatningsspråkHöga nivåer av löslig Lektin-lik receptor-1 för oxiderat LDL är associerat med inflammation i karotisplack och ökad risk för ischemisk stroke
Originalspråkengelska
Artikelnummere009874
TidskriftJournal of the American Heart Association
Volym8
Utgivningsnummer4
StatusPublished - 2019 feb 19
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa