High-Density Lipoprotein–Associated Apolipoprotein M Limits Endothelial Inflammation by Delivering Sphingosine-1-Phosphate to the Sphingosine-1-Phosphate Receptor 1

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Bibtex

@article{1a19f675eb8745c1b5d945f1d7ed87be,
title = "High-Density Lipoprotein–Associated Apolipoprotein M Limits Endothelial Inflammation by Delivering Sphingosine-1-Phosphate to the Sphingosine-1-Phosphate Receptor 1",
abstract = "OBJECTIVE—: Plasma high-density lipoproteins (HDL) are potent antiatherogenic and anti-inflammatory particles. However, HDL particles are highly heterogenic in composition, and different HDL-mediated functions can be ascribed to different subclasses of HDL. Only a small HDL population contains apolipoprotein M (ApoM), which is the main plasma carrier of the bioactive lipid mediator sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P). Vascular inflammation is modulated by S1P, but both pro- and anti-inflammatory roles have been ascribed to S1P. The goal of this study is to elucidate the role of ApoM and S1P in endothelial anti-inflammatory events related to HDL. APPROACH AND RESULTS—: Aortic or brain human primary endothelial cells were challenged with tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) as inflammatory stimuli. The presence of recombinant ApoM-bound S1P or ApoM-containing HDL reduced the abundance of adhesion molecules in the cell surface, whereas ApoM and ApoM-lacking HDL did not. Specifically, ApoM-bound S1P decreased vascular adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) and E-selectin surface abundance but not intercellular adhesion molecule-1. Albumin, which is an alternative S1P carrier, was less efficient in inhibiting VCAM-1 than ApoM-bound S1P. The activation of the S1P receptor 1 was sufficient and required to promote anti-inflammation. Moreover, ApoM-bound S1P induced the rearrangement of the expression of S1P-related genes to counteract TNF-α. Functionally, HDL/ApoM/S1P limited monocyte adhesion to the endothelium and maintained endothelial barrier integrity under inflammatory conditions. CONCLUSIONS—: ApoM-bound S1P is a key component of HDL and is responsible for several HDL-associated protective functions in the endothelium, including regulation of adhesion molecule abundance, leukocyte-endothelial adhesion, and endothelial barrier.",
author = "{Ruiz Garcia}, Mario and Cecilia Frej and Andreas Holm{\'e}r and Guo, {Li J.} and Sinh Tran and Bj{\"o}rn Dahlb{\"a}ck",
year = "2017",
month = jan,
doi = "10.1161/ATVBAHA.116.308435",
language = "English",
volume = "37",
pages = "118--129",
journal = "Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology",
issn = "1524-4636",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams & Wilkins",
number = "1",

}