HIV-Tat protein transduction domain specifically attenuates growth of polyamine deprived tumor cells.

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

Abstract

Polyamines are essential for tumor cell growth, and the polyamine pathway represents an attractive target for cancer treatment. Several polyamine transport proteins have been cloned and characterized in bacteria and yeast cells; however, the mechanism of polyamine entry into mammalian cells remains poorly defined, although a role for proteoglycans has been suggested. Here, we show that the HIV-Tat transduction peptide, which is known to enter cells via a proteoglycan-dependent pathway, efficiently inhibits polyamine uptake. Polyamine uptake–deficient mutant cells with intact proteoglycan biosynthesis (CHO MGBG) displayed unperturbed HIV-Tat uptake activity compared with wild-type cells, supporting the notion that HIV-Tat peptide interferes with polyamine uptake via competition for proteoglycan binding sites rather than a putative downstream transporter. HIV-Tat specifically inhibited growth of human carcinoma cells made dependent on extracellular polyamines by treatment with the polyamine biosynthesis inhibitor {alpha}-difluoromethylornithine; accordingly, the Tat peptide prevented intracellular accumulation of exogenous polyamines. Moreover, combined treatment with {alpha}-difluoromethylornithine and HIV-Tat efficiently blocked tumor growth in an experimental mouse model. We conclude that HIV-Tat transduction domain and polyamines enter cells through a common pathway, which can be used to target polyamine-dependent tumor growth in the treatment of cancer.

Detaljer

Författare
Enheter & grupper
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Cancer och onkologi
Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)782-788
TidskriftMolecular Cancer Therapeutics
Volym6
Utgivningsnummer2
StatusPublished - 2007
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa

Relaterad forskningsoutput

Welch, J., 2010, Department of Oncology, Clinical Sciences, Lund University. 158 s.

Forskningsoutput: AvhandlingDoktorsavhandling (sammanläggning)

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