Housing recovery outcomes after typhoon Haiyan in the Philippines: a critical realist perspective

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

Bibtex

@article{04fcf3faf284499aa6e1f1b1c1cf7742,
title = "Housing recovery outcomes after typhoon Haiyan in the Philippines: a critical realist perspective",
abstract = "Typhoon Haiyan damaged around a million houses in the Philippines in November 2013. It especially affected the poor. Using a realist laminated ontology, this paper explains how multiple causal mechanisms triggered unexpected outcomes in the housing recovery programme in the province of Leyte. The proposed causal mechanisms were: the intentional causal agency of the Filipino power elite; the collaboration–competition dilemma among individual agents and social structures; the constraints faced by the National Housing Authority with regards to procurement and budget; unfreedoms for resilient resettlement; secondary side effects of land and resettlement policies; and the under the table practice of bribery. The combination of these multiple causal mechanisms generated emergent outcomes such as low output of permanent post-disaster housing, generic housing solutions that cannot be extended, reproduction of pre-disaster vulnerabilities, recovery of valuable land by the Filipino elite and allocation of public funding to a limited range of recipients.",
keywords = "causal mechanisms, critical realism, Housing recovery, the Philippines, typhoon Haiyan",
author = "Ivette Arroyo and Johnny {\AA}strand",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1080/14767430.2019.1605667",
language = "English",
volume = "18",
pages = "142--168",
journal = "Journal of Critical Realism",
issn = "1476-7430",
publisher = "Maney Publishing",
number = "2",

}