How to optimize patch testing with diphenylmethane diisocyanate

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We have previously shown that patch test preparations of polymeric diphenylmethane diisocyanate (PMDI) are more stable than preparations of diphenylmethane-4,4'-diisocyanate (4,4'-MDI). This study was conducted to (i) investigate whether PMDIs yield as many positive reactions as 4,4'-MDI, (ii) study concurrent reactions to 4,4'-MDI and 4,4'-diaminodiphenylmethane (4,4'-MDA), and (iii) follow the course of positive reactions during 4 weeks. It was shown that PMDIs detect as many positive reactions as 4,4'-MDI. Thus, they are better patch test agents being more stable than preparations of 4,4'-MDI. We recommend that PMDIs with a monomer content of at least 35% is used in 2.0% petrolatum (pet.) (i.e. monomer patch test concentration approximately 0.7%). It was shown that reactions to 4,4'-MDI and PMDIs appear late and we recommend readings on both day (D) 3/4 and D7. 4,4'-MDA was shown to be a good marker for 4,4'-MDI and patch testing with 4,4'-MDA in 0.25% pet. can be used instead of PMDI. Concomitant reactions to 4,4'-MDI and 4,4'-MDA are probably not caused by conversion of 4,4'-MDI into 4,4'-MDA by reaction with water. Another explanation is a path of reactions leading to ureas and MDI conjugates with skin constituents, which are hydrolysed into 4,4'-MDA. This complex process depends upon several factors and might explain why positive MDI reactions appear after D7.


Enheter & grupper

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Dermatologi och venereologi


Sidor (från-till)138-151
TidskriftContact Dermatitis
Utgåva nummer3
StatusPublished - 2007
Peer review utfördJa