IgE sensitization in a cohort of adolescents in southern Sweden and its relation to allergic symptoms

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

Abstract

Background: There is a strong and consistent association between IgE sensitization and allergy, wheeze, eczema and food hypersensitivity. These conditions are also found in non-sensitized humans, and sensitization is found among individuals without allergy-related diseases. The aim of this study was to analyse the sensitization profile in a representative sample of the population, and to relate patterns of allergens and allergen components to allergic symptoms. Methods: A population of 195 adolescents took part in this clinical study, which included a self-reported questionnaire and in vitro IgE testing. Results: Sensitization to airborne allergens was significantly more common than sensitization to food allergens, 43% vs. 14%, respectively. IgE response was significantly higher in airborne allergens among adolescents with rhinitis (p < 0.001) and eczema (p < 0.01). Among 53 children with allergic symptoms according to the questionnaire, 60% were sensitized. Sensitization to food allergens was found among those with rhinitis, but only to PR-10 proteins. None of the participants had IgE to seed storage proteins. Conclusion: The adolescents in this study, taken from a normal Swedish population, were mainly sensitized to grass pollen and rarely to specific food allergens. The major grass pollen allergen Phl p 1 was the main sensitizer, followed by Cyn d 1 and Phl p 2. Sixty-one percent reporting any allergic symptom were sensitized, and the allergen components associated with wheeze and rhinoconjunctivitis were Fel d 4, Der f 2 and Can f 5.

Detaljer

Författare
Enheter & grupper
Externa organisationer
  • Skåne University Hospital
  • Region Skåne
  • Uppsala universitet, Historiska institutionen
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Lungmedicin och allergi

Nyckelord

Originalspråkengelska
Artikelnummer6
TidskriftClinical and Molecular Allergy
Volym17
Utgivningsnummer1
StatusPublished - 2019
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa

Related projects

Visa alla (1)