Impact of aspirin, NSAIDs, warfarin, corticosteroids and SSRIs on the site and outcome of non-variceal upper and lower gastrointestinal bleeding.

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Abstract Objective. To assess the impact of increased use of low-dose aspirin, other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), warfarin, corticosteroids and selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors (SSRIs) on the site and outcome of non-variceal gastrointestinal (GI) bleeds. Methods. Retrospective review of 731 patients with peptic ulcer bleeds (PUBs), non-ulcer, non-variceal upper (NUUPGIBs) and lower GI bleeds (LGIBs) in 1984, 1994 and 2004 at Lund University Hospital, Sweden. Incidence and mortality rates, risk factors for fatal outcome and associations with different sites of GI bleeds were evaluated. Results. Between 1984 and 2004, incidence of PUBs decreased from 62.0 to 32.1 per 100,000 inhabitants (p < 0.001). Incidence of NUUPGIBs (29.0-30.4 per 100,000) and LGIBs (45.5-43.2 per 100,000) was stable. The case-fatality rate ranged from 4-6% (p = 0.65) for upper GI bleed to 1-8% (p = 0.033) for LGIB. No drug impacted on fatal outcome. Aspirin, warfarin and SSRI users tended to suffer more severe GI bleeds than non-users of these drugs. When comparing non-ulcer GI bleeds with PUBs, aspirin (OR 0.56, 95% CI 0.38-0.82) was more strongly associated with PUBs, whereas SSRIs (OR 3.71, 95% CI 1.39-12.9) and corticosteroids (OR 2.8, 95% CI 1.28-6.82) were more associated with non-ulcer GI bleeds after adjusting for age, gender and co-morbidity. Conclusion. Increased use of drugs that promote bleeding has not impacted on incidence and fatal outcome of non-variceal GI bleeds, although the severity of bleeding has increased. Aspirin is more strongly associated with PUBs, while corticosteroids and SSRIs are associated with non-ulcer, non-variceal GI bleeds.


  • Kristina Åhsberg
  • Peter Höglund
  • Won-Hie Kim
  • Christer Staël von Holstein
Enheter & grupper

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Gastroenterologi
Sidor (från-till)1404-1415
TidskriftScandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
StatusPublished - 2010
Peer review utfördJa