Impact of differential and time-dependent autophagy activation on therapeutic efficacy in a model of Huntington disease

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

Abstract

Activation of macroautophagy/autophagy, a key mechanism involved in the degradation and removal of aggregated proteins, can successfully reverse Huntington disease phenotypes in various model systems. How neuronal autophagy impairments need to be considered in Huntington disease progression to achieve a therapeutic effect is currently not known. In this study, we used a mouse model of HTT (huntingtin) protein aggregation to investigate how different methods and timing of autophagy activation influence the efficacy of autophagy-activating treatment in vivo. We found that overexpression of human TFEB, a master regulator of autophagy, did not decrease mutant HTT aggregation. On the other hand, Becn1 overexpression, an autophagic regulator that plays a key role in autophagosome formation, partially cleared mutant HTT aggregates and restored neuronal pathology, but only when administered early in the disease progression. When Becn1 was administered at a later stage, when prominent mutant HTT accumulation and autophagy impairments have occurred, Becn1 overexpression did not rescue the mutant HTT-associated phenotypes. Together, these results demonstrate that the targets used to activate autophagy, as well as the timing of autophagy activation, are crucial for achieving efficient therapeutic effects.

Detaljer

Författare
Enheter & grupper
Externa organisationer
  • Lund University
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Neurovetenskaper
  • Cell- och molekylärbiologi

Nyckelord

Originalspråkengelska
TidskriftAutophagy
StatusE-pub ahead of print - 2020 maj 6
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa