Incomplete Sterility of Chromosomal Hybrids: Implications for Karyotype Evolution and Homoploid Hybrid Speciation

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Abstract

Heterozygotes for major chromosomal rearrangements such as fusions and fissions are expected to display a high level of sterility due to problems during meiosis. However, some species, especially plants and animals with holocentric chromosomes, are known to tolerate chromosomal heterozygosity even for multiple rearrangements. Here, we studied male meiotic chromosome behavior in four hybrid generations (F1–F4) between two chromosomal races of the Wood White butterfly Leptidea sinapis differentiated by at least 24 chromosomal fusions/fissions. Previous work showed that these hybrids were fertile, although their fertility was reduced as compared to crosses within chromosomal races. We demonstrate that (i) F1 hybrids are highly heterozygous with nearly all chromosomes participating in the formation of trivalents at the first meiotic division, and (ii) that from F1 to F4 the number of trivalents decreases and the number of bivalents increases. We argue that the observed process of chromosome sorting would, if continued, result in a new homozygous chromosomal race, i.e., in a new karyotype with intermediate chromosome number and, possibly, in a new incipient homoploid hybrid species. We also discuss the segregational model of karyotype evolution and the chromosomal model of homoploid hybrid speciation.

Detaljer

Författare
  • Vladimir A. Lukhtanov
  • Vlad Dincă
  • Magne Friberg
  • Roger Vila
  • Christer Wiklund
Enheter & grupper
Externa organisationer
  • Zoological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences
  • University of Oulu
  • Institute of Evolutionary Biology
  • Stockholms universitet
  • Pompeu Fabra University
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Genetik

Nyckelord

Originalspråkengelska
Artikelnummer583827
TidskriftFrontiers in Genetics
Volym11
StatusPublished - 2020 okt 15
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa