Increased right atrial volume measured with cardiac magnetic resonance is associated with worse clinical outcome in patients with pre-capillary pulmonary hypertension

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T1 - Increased right atrial volume measured with cardiac magnetic resonance is associated with worse clinical outcome in patients with pre-capillary pulmonary hypertension

AU - Bredfelt, Anna

AU - Rådegran, Göran

AU - Hesselstrand, Roger

AU - Arheden, Håkan

AU - Ostenfeld, Ellen

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - Aims: Pre-capillary pulmonary hypertension (PHpre-cap) has a poor prognosis, especially when caused by pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) associated with systemic sclerosis (SSc-PAH). Whether cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR)-based quantification of atrial volumes in PHpre-cap is beneficial in risk assessment is unknown. The aims were to investigate if (i) atrial volumes using CMR are associated with death or lung transplantation in PHpre-cap, (ii) atrial volumes differ among four unmatched major PHpre-cap subgroups, and (iii) atrial volumes differ between SSc-PAH and idiopathic/familial PAH (IPAH/FPAH) when matched for pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR). Methods and results: Seventy-five PHpre-cap patients (57 ± 19 years, 53 female, 43 de novo) with CMR and right heart catheterization were retrospectively included. Short-axis stacks of cine images were analysed, and right and left atrial maximum (RAVmax and LAVmax) and minimum volume (RAVmin and LAVmin) were indexed for body surface area. Increased (mean + 2 SD) and reduced (mean – 2 SD) volumes were predefined from CMR normal values. Transplantation-free survival was lower in patients with increased RAVmax than in those with normal [hazard ratio (HR) = 2.1, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.1–4.0] but did not differ between those with reduced LAVmax and normal (HR 2.0, 95% CI 0.8–5.1). RAVmax and RAVmin showed no differences among unmatched or matched groups (P = ns). When matched for PVR, LAVmax, LAVmin, and pulmonary artery wedge pressure were reduced in SSc-PAH compared with IPAH/FPAH (95% CI 0.3–21.4, 95% CI 0.8–19.6, and 95% CI 2–7, respectively). Conclusions: Patients with PHpre-cap and increased right atrial volume measured with CMR had worse clinical outcome. When matched for PVR, left atrial volume was lower in SSc-PAH than in IPAH/FPAH, consistent with left-sided underfilling, indicating a potential differentiator between the groups.

AB - Aims: Pre-capillary pulmonary hypertension (PHpre-cap) has a poor prognosis, especially when caused by pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) associated with systemic sclerosis (SSc-PAH). Whether cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR)-based quantification of atrial volumes in PHpre-cap is beneficial in risk assessment is unknown. The aims were to investigate if (i) atrial volumes using CMR are associated with death or lung transplantation in PHpre-cap, (ii) atrial volumes differ among four unmatched major PHpre-cap subgroups, and (iii) atrial volumes differ between SSc-PAH and idiopathic/familial PAH (IPAH/FPAH) when matched for pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR). Methods and results: Seventy-five PHpre-cap patients (57 ± 19 years, 53 female, 43 de novo) with CMR and right heart catheterization were retrospectively included. Short-axis stacks of cine images were analysed, and right and left atrial maximum (RAVmax and LAVmax) and minimum volume (RAVmin and LAVmin) were indexed for body surface area. Increased (mean + 2 SD) and reduced (mean – 2 SD) volumes were predefined from CMR normal values. Transplantation-free survival was lower in patients with increased RAVmax than in those with normal [hazard ratio (HR) = 2.1, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.1–4.0] but did not differ between those with reduced LAVmax and normal (HR 2.0, 95% CI 0.8–5.1). RAVmax and RAVmin showed no differences among unmatched or matched groups (P = ns). When matched for PVR, LAVmax, LAVmin, and pulmonary artery wedge pressure were reduced in SSc-PAH compared with IPAH/FPAH (95% CI 0.3–21.4, 95% CI 0.8–19.6, and 95% CI 2–7, respectively). Conclusions: Patients with PHpre-cap and increased right atrial volume measured with CMR had worse clinical outcome. When matched for PVR, left atrial volume was lower in SSc-PAH than in IPAH/FPAH, consistent with left-sided underfilling, indicating a potential differentiator between the groups.

KW - Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging

KW - Left atrial volume

KW - Pulmonary hypertension

KW - Right atrial volume

KW - Transplantation-free survival

U2 - 10.1002/ehf2.12304

DO - 10.1002/ehf2.12304

M3 - Article

VL - 5

SP - 864

EP - 875

JO - Heart Failure Clinics

T2 - Heart Failure Clinics

JF - Heart Failure Clinics

SN - 1551-7136

IS - 5

ER -