Index-based dietary patterns and risk of colorectal cancer

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Index-based dietary patterns and risk of colorectal cancer. / Reedy, J; Mitrou, P N; Krebs-Smith, S M; Wirfält, Elisabet; Flood, A; Kipnis, V; Leitzmann, M; Mouw, T; Hollenbeck, A; Schatzkin, A; Subar, A F.

I: American Journal of Epidemiology, Vol. 168, Nr. 1, 2008, s. 38-48.

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

Harvard

Reedy, J, Mitrou, PN, Krebs-Smith, SM, Wirfält, E, Flood, A, Kipnis, V, Leitzmann, M, Mouw, T, Hollenbeck, A, Schatzkin, A & Subar, AF 2008, 'Index-based dietary patterns and risk of colorectal cancer', American Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 168, nr. 1, s. 38-48. https://doi.org/10.1093/aje/kwn097

APA

Reedy, J., Mitrou, P. N., Krebs-Smith, S. M., Wirfält, E., Flood, A., Kipnis, V., ... Subar, A. F. (2008). Index-based dietary patterns and risk of colorectal cancer. American Journal of Epidemiology, 168(1), 38-48. https://doi.org/10.1093/aje/kwn097

CBE

Reedy J, Mitrou PN, Krebs-Smith SM, Wirfält E, Flood A, Kipnis V, Leitzmann M, Mouw T, Hollenbeck A, Schatzkin A, Subar AF. 2008. Index-based dietary patterns and risk of colorectal cancer. American Journal of Epidemiology. 168(1):38-48. https://doi.org/10.1093/aje/kwn097

MLA

Vancouver

Author

Reedy, J ; Mitrou, P N ; Krebs-Smith, S M ; Wirfält, Elisabet ; Flood, A ; Kipnis, V ; Leitzmann, M ; Mouw, T ; Hollenbeck, A ; Schatzkin, A ; Subar, A F. / Index-based dietary patterns and risk of colorectal cancer. I: American Journal of Epidemiology. 2008 ; Vol. 168, Nr. 1. s. 38-48.

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Index-based dietary patterns and risk of colorectal cancer

AU - Reedy, J

AU - Mitrou, P N

AU - Krebs-Smith, S M

AU - Wirfält, Elisabet

AU - Flood, A

AU - Kipnis, V

AU - Leitzmann, M

AU - Mouw, T

AU - Hollenbeck, A

AU - Schatzkin, A

AU - Subar, A F

PY - 2008

Y1 - 2008

N2 - The authors compared how four indexes-the Healthy Eating Index-2005, Alternate Healthy Eating Index, Mediterranean Diet Score, and Recommended Food Score-are associated with colorectal cancer in the National Institutes of Health-AARP Diet and Health Study (n = 492,382). To calculate each score, they merged data from a 124-item food frequency questionnaire completed at study entry (1995-1996) with the MyPyramid Equivalents Database (version 1.0). Other variables included energy, nutrients, multivitamins, and alcohol. Models were stratified by sex and adjusted for age, ethnicity, education, body mass index, smoking, physical activity, and menopausal hormone therapy (in women). During 5 years of follow-up, 3,110 incident colorectal cancer cases were ascertained. Although the indexes differ in design, a similarly decreased risk of colorectal cancer was observed across all indexes for men when comparing the highest scores with the lowest: Healthy Eating Index-2005 (relative risk (RR) = 0.72, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.62, 0.83); Alternate Healthy Eating Index (RR = 0.70, 95% CI: 0.61, 0.81); Mediterranean Diet Score (RR = 0.72, 95% CI: 0.63, 0.83); and Recommended Food Score (RR = 0.75, 95% CI: 0.65, 0.87). For women, a significantly decreased risk was found with the Healthy Eating Index-2005, although Alternate Healthy Eating Index results were similar. Index-based dietary patterns that are consistent with given dietary guidelines are associated with reduced risk.

AB - The authors compared how four indexes-the Healthy Eating Index-2005, Alternate Healthy Eating Index, Mediterranean Diet Score, and Recommended Food Score-are associated with colorectal cancer in the National Institutes of Health-AARP Diet and Health Study (n = 492,382). To calculate each score, they merged data from a 124-item food frequency questionnaire completed at study entry (1995-1996) with the MyPyramid Equivalents Database (version 1.0). Other variables included energy, nutrients, multivitamins, and alcohol. Models were stratified by sex and adjusted for age, ethnicity, education, body mass index, smoking, physical activity, and menopausal hormone therapy (in women). During 5 years of follow-up, 3,110 incident colorectal cancer cases were ascertained. Although the indexes differ in design, a similarly decreased risk of colorectal cancer was observed across all indexes for men when comparing the highest scores with the lowest: Healthy Eating Index-2005 (relative risk (RR) = 0.72, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.62, 0.83); Alternate Healthy Eating Index (RR = 0.70, 95% CI: 0.61, 0.81); Mediterranean Diet Score (RR = 0.72, 95% CI: 0.63, 0.83); and Recommended Food Score (RR = 0.75, 95% CI: 0.65, 0.87). For women, a significantly decreased risk was found with the Healthy Eating Index-2005, although Alternate Healthy Eating Index results were similar. Index-based dietary patterns that are consistent with given dietary guidelines are associated with reduced risk.

KW - risk

KW - colorectal neoplasms

KW - food habits

U2 - 10.1093/aje/kwn097

DO - 10.1093/aje/kwn097

M3 - Article

VL - 168

SP - 38

EP - 48

JO - American journal of hygiene

T2 - American journal of hygiene

JF - American journal of hygiene

SN - 0002-9262

IS - 1

ER -