Influence of bark on fuel ethanol production from steam-pretreated spruce.
Forskningsoutput: Tidskriftsbidrag › Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Bark and bark-containing forest residues have the potential for utilization as raw material for lignocellulosic ethanol production due to their abundance and low cost. However, the different physical properties and chemical composition of bark compared to the conventionally used wood chips may influence the spruce-to-ethanol bioconversion process. This study assesses the impact of bark on the overall bioconversion in two process configurations, separate hydrolysis and fermentation (SHF) and simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF), utilizing steam-pretreated spruce bark and wood mixtures.