Influence on thermal response test by groundwater flow in vertical fractures in hard rock
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In this paper different approaches to groundwater flow and its effect in the vicinity of a borehole ground heat exchanger are discussed. The common assumption that groundwater flow in hard rock may be modelled as a homogeneous flow in a medium with an effective porosity is confronted and models for heat transfer due to groundwater flow in fractures and fracture zones are presented especially from a thermal response test point of view. The results indicate that groundwater flow in fractures even at relatively low specific flow rates may cause significantly enhanced heat transfer, although a continuum approach with the same basic assumptions would suggest otherwise. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.