InP/GaInP nanowire tunnel diodes

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

Abstract

Semiconductor nanowire (NW) solar cells with a single p-n junction have exhibited efficiency comparable to that of their planar counterparts with a substantial reduction in material consumption. Tandem geometry is a path toward the fabrication of devices with even higher efficiencies, for which a key step is the fabrication of tunnel (Esaki) diodes within NWs with the correct diameter, pitch, and material combination for maximized efficiency. InP/GaInP and GaInP/InP NW tunnel diodes with band gap combinations corresponding to high-efficiency solar energy harvesting were fabricated and their electrical characteristics and material properties were compared. Four different configurations, with respect to material composition and doping, were investigated. The NW arrays were grown with metal–organic vapor-phase epitaxy from Au particles by use of nano-imprint lithography, metal evaporation and lift-off. Electrical measurements showed that the NWs behave as tunnel diodes in both InP (bottom)/GaInP (top) and GaInP (bottom)/InP (top) configurations, exhibiting a maximum peak current density of 25 A/cm2, and maximum peak to valley current ratio of 2.5 at room temperature. The realization of NW tunnel diodes in both InP/GaInP and GaInP/InP configurations represent an opportunity for the use of NW tandem solar cells, whose efficiency is independent of the growth order of the different materials, increasing the flexibility regarding dopant incorporation polarity. [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

Detaljer

Författare
Enheter & grupper
Externa organisationer
  • Federal University of Rio de Janeiro
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Nanoteknik

Nyckelord

Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)2523-2531
TidskriftNano Research
Volym11
Utgivningsnummer5
Tidigt onlinedatum2017 nov 6
StatusPublished - 2018 maj
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa

Relaterad forskningsoutput

Otnes, G., 2018, Department of Physics, Lund University.

Forskningsoutput: AvhandlingDoktorsavhandling (sammanläggning)

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