Insulin feedback actions: complex effects involving isoforms of islet nitric oxide synthase.

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The present study examined the effects of exogenous insulin on C-peptide release in relation to islet activities of neural constitutive nitric oxide synthase (ncNOS) and inducible NOS (iNOS).

The dose–response curves for glucose-stimulated insulin and C-peptide release from isolated islets were practically identical: 0.05–0.1 nmol/l insulin stimulated, 1–100 nmol/l had no effect, whereas concentrations ≥250 nmol/l (“high insulin”), inhibited C-peptide release. Both the stimulatory and inhibitory effects were abolished by the phosphatidylinositol 3′-kinase inhibitor wortmannin. Addition of a NOS inhibitor partially reversed the inhibitory action of high insulin, but had no effect on the stimulatory action of low insulin (0.1 nmol/l). Moreover, high insulin markedly increased islet ncNOS activity and induced a strong iNOS activity. As shown biochemically and with confocal microscopy, the stimulatory action of high insulin on NOS activities and the associated inhibition of C-peptide release were reversed by raising cyclic AMP through addition of either glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) or dibutyryl cyclic AMP (Bt2cAMP) to the incubated islets.

We conclude that the positive feedback mechanisms of action of insulin are independent of islet NOS activities and remain unclear. The negative feedback action of insulin, however, can be explained by its ability to stimulate both islet ncNOS activity and the expression and activity of iNOS. The effects on iNOS are most likely transduced through phosphatidylinositol 3′-kinase and are counteracted by raising islet cyclic AMP levels.


Enheter & grupper

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Cell- och molekylärbiologi


Sidor (från-till)109-118
TidskriftRegulatory Peptides
StatusPublished - 2004
Peer review utfördJa