Interleaved echo-planar imaging for fast multiplanar magnetic resonance temperature imaging of ultrasound thermal ablation therapy

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift


PURPOSE: To develop a multiplanar magnetic resonance temperature imaging (MRTI) technique based on interleaved gradient-echo echo-planar imaging (EPI), verify in phantom, develop software tools to process and display data on a clinical scanner in near real-time, and demonstrate feasibility to monitor ultrasound thermal ablation therapy in vivo.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Temperature estimation used complex phase-difference subtraction of the EPI MRTI data to indirectly measure the temperature-dependent water proton-resonance-frequency shift. Software tools were developed to run on a clinical 1.5-T MR scanner that processed and displayed relevant temperature and thermal dosimetry data during the course of thermal ablation treatments in canine brain and prostate in vivo.

RESULTS: EPI MRTI provided multi-planar acquisitions and increased temperature sensitivity and lipid suppression. Relative to a single-plane fast gradient-echo MRTI sequence at comparable spatial and temporal resolutions in phantom, EPI MRTI demonstrated a three-fold increase in sensitivity and slice coverage per TR. In vivo monitoring of ultrasound thermal ablation therapy in canine brain and prostate demonstrated the usefulness of the temperature and thermal dose information.

CONCLUSION: Multi-planar MRTI allowed progression of thermal damage to be monitored and treatment parameters adjusted in near real-time (less than five second delay). EPI MRTI is an effective multi-planar monitoring method during ultrasound thermal ablation procedures.


  • R Jason Stafford
  • Roger E Price
  • Chris J Diederich
  • Marko Kangasniemi
  • Lars E Olsson
  • John D Hazle
Externa organisationer
  • University of Texas


Sidor (från-till)706-14
Antal sidor9
TidskriftJournal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging
StatusPublished - 2004 okt
Peer review utfördJa
Externt publiceradJa