International trade and carbon emissions: The role of Chinese institutional and policy reforms

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International trade and carbon emissions : The role of Chinese institutional and policy reforms. / Andersson, Fredrik N G.

I: Journal of Environmental Management, Vol. 205, 01.01.2018, s. 29-39.

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TY - JOUR

T1 - International trade and carbon emissions

T2 - The role of Chinese institutional and policy reforms

AU - Andersson, Fredrik N G

PY - 2018/1/1

Y1 - 2018/1/1

N2 - The carbon dioxide embodied in Chinese exports to developed countries increased rapidly from 1995 to 2008. We test the extent to which institutional reforms in China can explain this increase. We focus on five areas of reforms: trade liberalization, environmental institutions, legal and property rights, institutional risk and exchange rate policy. Our results show that trade liberalization, weak environmental institutions, exchange rate policy, and legal and property rights affect emissions. Our results also indicate that the lack of reform in the utilities sector is an important factor in the rapid increase in embodied emissions.

AB - The carbon dioxide embodied in Chinese exports to developed countries increased rapidly from 1995 to 2008. We test the extent to which institutional reforms in China can explain this increase. We focus on five areas of reforms: trade liberalization, environmental institutions, legal and property rights, institutional risk and exchange rate policy. Our results show that trade liberalization, weak environmental institutions, exchange rate policy, and legal and property rights affect emissions. Our results also indicate that the lack of reform in the utilities sector is an important factor in the rapid increase in embodied emissions.

KW - CO2 emissions

KW - china

KW - trade

KW - carbon leakage

KW - institutions

KW - policy

KW - reforms

KW - CO2 emissions

KW - trade

KW - institutions

KW - China

KW - carbon leakage

U2 - 10.1016/j.jenvman.2017.09.052

DO - 10.1016/j.jenvman.2017.09.052

M3 - Article

VL - 205

SP - 29

EP - 39

JO - Advances in Environmental Research

JF - Advances in Environmental Research

SN - 0301-4797

ER -