International Trade and Energy Intensity during European Industrialization, 1870-1935

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

Standard

International Trade and Energy Intensity during European Industrialization, 1870-1935. / Kander, Astrid; Warde, Paul; Henriques, Sofia; Nielsen, Hana; Kulionis, Viktoras; Hagen, Sven.

I: Ecological Economics, Vol. 139, 2017, s. 33-44.

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

Harvard

APA

CBE

MLA

Vancouver

Author

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - International Trade and Energy Intensity during European Industrialization, 1870-1935

AU - Kander, Astrid

AU - Warde, Paul

AU - Henriques, Sofia

AU - Nielsen, Hana

AU - Kulionis, Viktoras

AU - Hagen, Sven

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - Previous research suggests that there is an inverted U-shape curve for energy intensity in the long-run for Western Europewith a peak in the early 20th century. This paper tests the hypothesis that the increase of German and British energy intensity was an effect from the concentration of heavy industrial production to these countries, although the consumption of a significant share of these goods took place elsewhere. We use an entirely new database that we have constructed (TEG: Trade, Energy, Growth) to test whether these countries exported more energy-demanding goods than they imported, thus providing other countries with means to industrialize and to consume cheap-energy demanding goods. We find that the U-shape curve is greatly diminished but does not disappear. The pronounced inverted U-curve in German energy intensity without trade adjustments is reduced when we account for energy embodied in the traded commodities. For Britain the shape of the curve is also flattened during the second half of the 19th century, before falling from WWI onwards. These consumption-based accounts are strongly influenced by the trade in metal goods and fuels, facilitating industrialization elsewhere.

AB - Previous research suggests that there is an inverted U-shape curve for energy intensity in the long-run for Western Europewith a peak in the early 20th century. This paper tests the hypothesis that the increase of German and British energy intensity was an effect from the concentration of heavy industrial production to these countries, although the consumption of a significant share of these goods took place elsewhere. We use an entirely new database that we have constructed (TEG: Trade, Energy, Growth) to test whether these countries exported more energy-demanding goods than they imported, thus providing other countries with means to industrialize and to consume cheap-energy demanding goods. We find that the U-shape curve is greatly diminished but does not disappear. The pronounced inverted U-curve in German energy intensity without trade adjustments is reduced when we account for energy embodied in the traded commodities. For Britain the shape of the curve is also flattened during the second half of the 19th century, before falling from WWI onwards. These consumption-based accounts are strongly influenced by the trade in metal goods and fuels, facilitating industrialization elsewhere.

KW - EKC

KW - energy history

KW - Europe

KW - industrialization

KW - core

KW - periphery

KW - international trade

KW - energy embodied in trade

KW - unbalanced exchange

U2 - 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2017.03.042

DO - 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2017.03.042

M3 - Article

VL - 139

SP - 33

EP - 44

JO - Ecological Economics

JF - Ecological Economics

SN - 0921-8009

ER -