Intravenous boluses of fentanyl, 1 μg kg-1, and remifentanil, 0.5 μg kg-1, give similar maximum ventilatory depression in awake volunteers.

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

Abstract

BACKGROUND: /st>The relative respiratory effects of fentanyl and remifentanil, administered as i.v. bolus, have not previously been studied. We determined what remifentanil bolus dose gave the same maximum depression of ventilation as 1 µg kg(-1) of fentanyl.

METHODS: /st>Twelve healthy volunteers rebreathed in a system designed to dampen variations in end-tidal carbon dioxide tension so that measurements would be obtained at similar levels of CO(2) stimulation. The minute ventilation was measured before (V(preinj)) and after injection (V(nadir)) of fentanyl, 1 µg kg(-1), and remifentanil, 0.25, 0.5, and 1 µg kg(-1). The remifentanil doses were plotted against V(nadir)/V(preinj) in a log-probit diagram to determine what amount gave the same maximum ventilatory depression as the fentanyl dose.

RESULTS: /st>V(nadir) was [median (inter-quartile range)] 51 (38-64)% of V(preinj) after fentanyl, and 70 (61-77), 50 (46-56), and 29 (24-38)%, respectively, after remifentanil. The nadir occurred 5.0 (4.4-7.0) min after fentanyl, and 3.8 (2.7-4.6), 2.9 (2.7-3.2), and 3.0 (2.7-3.2) min after remifentanil injection. at ventilation nadir was 6.26 (5.98-6.62) kPa after fentanyl, and 6.18 (6.12-6.50), 6.11 (5.91-6.45), and 6.11 (5.93-6.45) kPa after remifentanil 0.25, 0.5, and 1 µg kg(-1), respectively. A remifentanil dose of 0.47 (0.42-0.62) µg kg(-1) was equidepressant to 1 µg kg(-1) of fentanyl. Fifteen minutes after fentanyl injection, the median minute ventilation was 30-40% less than after injection of remifentanil, 0.25 and 0.5 µg kg(-1) (P<0.05).

CONCLUSIONS: /st>Fentanyl, 1 µg kg(-1), and remifentanil, 0.5 µg kg(-1), gave similar maximum ventilatory depression. The onset of and recovery from ventilatory depression were faster with remifentanil.

Detaljer

Författare
Enheter & grupper
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Anestesi och intensivvård

Nyckelord

Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)1028-1034
TidskriftBritish Journal of Anaesthesia
Volym108
Utgåva nummer6
StatusPublished - 2012
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa

Relaterad forskningsoutput

Jan Gelberg, 2019, Lund: Lund University: Faculty of Medicine. 76 s.

Forskningsoutput: AvhandlingDoktorsavhandling (sammanläggning)

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