Introducing the Occupational Balance Questionnaire (OBQ)

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title = "Introducing the Occupational Balance Questionnaire (OBQ)",
abstract = "Objective: The concept of occupational balance is frequently used in occupational therapy but the fact that it has been defined and measured differently is a limitation. This article introduces the Occupational Balance Questionnaire (OBQ), which focuses on satisfaction with the amount and variation of occupations. It consists of 13 items measured on six-step ordinal scales. It has shown good content validity in a sample of 21 occupational therapists but other psychometric properties have not been investigated. The aim was to investigate the OBQ regarding internal consistency, test-retest reliability, and floor/ceiling effects. Methods: The OBQ was administered twice to a sample selected through convenience sampling. Internal consistency was investigated by Cronbach's alpha and test-retest reliability analysed with Spearman's Rho correlation for the total score and weighted kappa on each item. Potential floor/ceiling effects were explored by checking for the percentage of participants who scored lowest and highest. Results: The results demonstrated that the OBQ has good internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha 0.936) and sufficient test-retest reliability (Spearman's Rho for the total score was 0.926) and, thus, seems stable over time. No floor or ceiling effect was detected. Conclusions: The OBQ therefore showed promising reliability, although further instrument development studies to examine its construct validity are required.",
keywords = "validity, reliability, occupational therapy, instrument development",
author = "Petra Wagman and Carita H{\aa}kansson",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.3109/11038128.2014.900571",
language = "English",
volume = "21",
pages = "227--231",
journal = "Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy",
issn = "1651-2014",
publisher = "Taylor & Francis",
number = "3",