Involvement of phosphatidylinositol 3'-kinase in stem-cell-factor-induced phospholipase D activation and arachidonic acid release

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

Abstract

We have shown previously that the stem cell factor (SCF) receptor undergoes phosphorylation on serine residues following ligand stimulation, and that this phopshorylation is dependent mainly on the activity of protein kinase C (PKC). In the present study, we have further investigated the molecular mechanisms behind SCF-stimulated activation of PKC, and found that SCF does not activate phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C. In contrast, phospholipase D (PLD) is activated in response to SCF in a dose-dependent manner. Activation of PLD was not inhibited by calphostin C, an inhibitor of PKC. On the other hand, inhibitors of phosphatidylinositol PtdIns 3'-kinase (PtdIns 3'-kinase), i.e. wortmannin and LY294002, inhibited SCF-induced PLD activation. Moreover, a mutant SCF receptor in which Tyr721, which is responsible for activation of PtdIns 3'-kinase, is mutated to a phenylalanine residue was unable to mediate activation of PLD. Thus, PtdIns 3'-kinase appears to be essential for SCF-induced PLD activation. Furthermore, we demonstrate that phosphatidic acid (PtdH), generated through the action of PLD in response to SCF, is metabolized to diacylglycerol by dephosphorylation. Diacylglycerol can then activate PKC, and, moreover, after deacylation by a diacylglycerol lipase, yield arachidonic acid, an important second messenger in cell signaling.

Detaljer

Författare
Externa organisationer
  • Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research, Uppsala branch
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Läkemedelskemi

Nyckelord

Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)149-155
TidskriftEuropean Journal of Biochemistry
Volym248
Utgåva nummer1
StatusPublished - 1997
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa
Externt publiceradJa