Isthmic lumbar spondylolisthesis with sciatica. MR imaging vs myelography

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Seventeen patients with sciatica and isthmic lumbar spondylolisthesis were studied with magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. In 13, myelography was also performed: 5 had dural sac deformation and root sleeve shortening, 2 had deformation with unilateral root sleeve shortening, one had bilateral root sleeve shortening only, and one had sac deformation only. In 4, myelography was normal. On sagittal MR examinations the neural foramen had an altered shape bilaterally with the long axis horizontal in all cases. In addition to altered shape the following was found in the 33 foramina evaluated. I: normal nerve (n = 8); II: compressed nerve (n = 16); III: disappearance of fat, nerve not possible to identify (n = 9). In patients with unilateral sciatica, the degree of foraminal stenosis correlated well with the side of symptoms. Coronal views showed the course of the nerve and pedicular kinking. Eight patients underwent decompressive surgery which revealed nerve compression by hypertrophic fibrous tissue and pedicular kinking, which correlated well with the findings on MR. Since the site of nerve compression often was peripheral to the root sleeves, myelography did not give complete information.


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Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Radiologi och bildbehandling
Sidor (från-till)449-453
TidskriftActa Radiologica
Utgåva nummer5
StatusPublished - 1990
Peer review utfördJa