Laminar premixed flat non-stretched lean flames of hydrogen in air

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title = "Laminar premixed flat non-stretched lean flames of hydrogen in air",
abstract = "Laminar burning velocity of lean hydrogen + air flames at standard conditions is still a debated topic in combustion. The existing burning velocity measurements possess a large spread due to the use of different measurement techniques and data processing approaches. The biggest uncertainty factor in these measurements comes from the necessity to perform extrapolation to the flat flame conditions, since all of the previously obtained data were recorded in stretched flames. In the present study, laminar burning velocity of lean hydrogen + air flames and its temperature dependence were for the first time studied in stretch-free flat flames on a heat flux burner. The equivalence ratio was varied from 0.375 to 0.5 and the range of the unburned gas temperatures was 278-358 K. The flat flames tended to form cells at adiabatic conditions, therefore special attention was paid to the issue of their appearance. The shape of the flames was monitored by taking OH* images with an EM-CCD camera. In most cases, the burning velocity had to be extrapolated from flat subadiabatic conditions, and the impact of this procedure was quantified by performing measurements in H-2 + air mixtures diluted by N-2. The effect of extrapolation was estimated to be of negligible importance for the flames at standard conditions. The measured burning velocities at 298 K showed an important difference to the previously obtained literature values. The temperature dependence of the burning velocity was extracted from the measured results. It was found to be in agreement with the trends predicted by the detailed kinetic modeling, as opposed to a vast majority of the available literature data. (C) 2015 The Combustion Institute. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.",
keywords = "Hydrogen, Burning velocity, Heat flux method, Temperature dependence, Instability",
author = "Vladimir Alekseev and Moah Christensen and Edouard Berrocal and {Heimdal Nilsson}, Elna and Alexander Konnov",
year = "2015",
doi = "10.1016/j.combustflame.2015.07.045",
language = "English",
volume = "162",
pages = "4063--4074",
journal = "Combustion and Flame",
issn = "0010-2180",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "10",