Levels of cysteinyl-leukotrienes in exhaled breath condensate are not due to saliva contamination

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Background and Aims: Saliva contamination has been suggested to be a major contributor to levels of cysteinyl leukotrienes in exhaled breath condensate (EBC). The aim of this study was to compare the levels of cysteinyl-leukotrienes (CysLT) and alpha-amylase activity in EBC to induced sputum and saliva collected from the same subjects (asthmatics and control). We thereby aimed to find out whether saliva contamination could be a plausible explanation to the levels found in EBC or not. Methods: EBC, saliva and induced sputum were collected from 11 asthmatic and 19 healthy adults. These samples were analyzed for CysLT concentration and alpha-amylase activity. Results: No significant correlation was found between CysLT concentration and alpha-amylase activity in EBC, saliva or sputum. In addition, we show that the saliva contamination (measured as alpha-amylase activity) was negligible, as the relative amount of saliva CysLT was only 0.6% of that found in EBC. The amount of CysLT correlated between all three compartments (EBC, saliva and sputum), but no similar correlation was seen for the alpha-amylase activity in EBC compared to saliva and sputum. The levels of CysLT were higher in asthmatic patients compared to healthy controls in EBC, saliva and sputum. Conclusion: We conclude that the amount of CysLT in EBC cannot be explained by saliva contamination. Please cite this paper as: Tufvesson E, van Weele LJ, Ekedahl H and Bjermer L. Levels of cysteinyl-leukotrienes in exhaled breath condensate are not due to saliva contamination. The Clinical Respiratory Journal 2010; 4: 83-88.


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Sidor (från-till)83-88
TidskriftClinical Respiratory Journal
Utgåva nummer2
StatusPublished - 2010
Peer review utfördJa