Locally rare species influence grassland ecosystem multifunctionality

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

Abstract

Species diversity promotes the delivery of multiple ecosystem functions (multifunctionality). However, the relative functional importance of rare and common species in driving the biodiversity-multifunctionality relationship remains unknown. We studied the relationship between the diversity of rare and common species (according to their local abundances and across nine different trophic groups), and multifunctionality indices derived from 14 ecosystem functions on 150 grasslands across a land-use intensity (LUI) gradient. The diversity of above-and below-ground rare species had opposite effects, with rare above-ground species being associated with high levels of multifunctionality, probably because their effects on different functions did not trade off against each other. Conversely, common species were only related to average, not high, levels of multifunctionality, and their functional effects declined with LUI. Apart from the community-level effects of diversity, we found significant positive associations between the abundance of individual species and multifunctionality in 6% of the species tested. Species-specific functional effects were best predicted by their response to LUI: species that declined in abundance with land use intensification were those associated with higher levels of multifunctionality. Our results highlight the importance of rare species for ecosystem multifunctionality and help guiding future conservation priorities.

Detaljer

Författare
  • Santiago Soliveres
  • Peter Manning
  • Daniel Prati
  • Martin M. Gossner
  • Fabian Alt
  • Hartmut Arndt
  • Vanessa Baumgartner
  • Julia Binkenstein
  • Stefan Blaser
  • Nico Blüthgen
  • Steffen Boch
  • Stefan Böhm
  • Carmen Börschig
  • Francois Buscot
  • Tim Diekötter
  • Johannes Heinze
  • Norbert Hölzel
  • Kirsten Jung
  • Valentin H. Klaus
  • Alexandra Maria Klein
  • Till Kleinebecker
  • Sandra Klemmer
  • Jochen Krauss
  • Markus Lange
  • E. Kathryn Morris
  • Jörg Müller
  • Yvonne Oelmann
  • Jörg Overmann
  • Esther Pašalić
  • Swen C. Renner
  • Matthias C. Rillig
  • H. Martin Schaefer
  • Michael Schloter
  • Barbara Schmitt
  • Ingo Schöning
  • Marion Schrumpf
  • Johannes Sikorski
  • Stephanie A. Socher
  • Emily F. Solly
  • Ilja Sonnemann
  • Elisabeth Sorkau
  • Juliane Steckel
  • Ingolf Steffan-Dewenter
  • Barbara Stempfhuber
  • Marco Tschapka
  • Manfred Türke
  • Paul Venter
  • Christiane N. Weiner
  • Wolfgang W. Weisser
  • Michael Werner
  • Catrin Westphal
  • Wolfgang Wilcke
  • Volkmar Wolters
  • Tesfaye Wubet
  • Susanne Wurst
  • Markus Fischer
  • Eric Allan
Enheter & grupper
Externa organisationer
  • Leibniz Institute DSMZ-German Collection of Microorganisms and Cell Cultures
  • Technical University of Darmstadt
  • German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv)
  • University of Kiel
  • Friedrich Schiller University Jena
  • University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna
  • University of Salzburg
  • University of Bern
  • Senckenberg Biodiversity and Climate Research Centre
  • Technical University of Munich
  • University of Tübingen
  • University of Cologne
  • Albert-Ludwigs University Freiburg
  • University of Ulm
  • University of Göttingen
  • Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research
  • University of Potsdam
  • University of Münster
  • Julius Maximilian University of Würzburg
  • Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry
  • Xavier University
  • Free University of Berlin
  • Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute
  • Berlin-Brandenburg Institute of Advanced Biodiversity Research
  • Helmholtz Zentrum München
  • Leipzig University
  • Karlsruhe Institute of Technology
  • Justus Liebig University Giessen
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Ekologi

Nyckelord

Originalspråkengelska
Artikelnummer20150269
TidskriftRoyal Society of London. Philosophical Transactions B. Biological Sciences
Volym371
Utgivningsnummer1694
StatusPublished - 2016 maj 19
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa