Long-term detrimental consequences of the onset of type 1 diabetes on annual earnings-evidence from annual registry data in 1990-2005.
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AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Young adults in the early stages of their participation in the labour market may be particularly vulnerable to the effects of onset of a chronic disease. Our aim was to quantify the consequences of the onset of type 1 diabetes in young adults on annual earnings, using individual-level longitudinal data before and after the onset of diabetes. METHODS: The Econ-DISS database contains annual socioeconomic information for 1990-2005 from Statistics Sweden. Econ-DISS includes data for persons with diabetes onset at the age of 15-34 years between 1983 and 2005, registered in the national Diabetes Incidence Study in Sweden (DISS) database, and for controls. Considering the onset of type 1 diabetes as an unanticipated and significant life event, we compared the progression of annual earnings for 3,650 cases born between 1949 and 1970 before and after onset of diabetes with that of 14,629 controls. Possible confounders-education, participation in the labour market, sick leave and parental education-were analysed. RESULTS: We found no differences between the groups in annual earnings or participation in the labour market before onset of diabetes. After onset, persons with type 1 diabetes gradually lagged behind the controls. Their median annual earnings were lower in each year from 1995 to 2005 (p < 0.01). The difference in 2005 was euro (EUR) 1,411 (5.3%). Controlling for confounders, duration of type 1 diabetes >/=10 years was associated with 4.2% (men) and 8.1% (women) lower average annual earnings for persons with upper secondary education only who were active in the labour market. CONCLUSION/INTERPRETATION: The onset of type 1 diabetes in young adults has long-term detrimental consequences on earnings that cannot be attributed to confounders.
|Enheter & grupper|
Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK
|Status||Published - 2010|
|Peer review utförd||Ja|