Long-term forest dynamics at Gribskov, eastern Denmark with early-Holocene evidence for thermophilous broadleaved tree species

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Long-term forest dynamics at Gribskov, eastern Denmark with early-Holocene evidence for thermophilous broadleaved tree species. / Overballe-Petersen, Mette Venas; Nielsen, Anne Birgitte; Hannon, Gina E.; Halsall, Karen; Bradshaw, Richard H. W.

I: The Holocene, Vol. 23, Nr. 2, 2013, s. 243-254.

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

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Overballe-Petersen, Mette Venas ; Nielsen, Anne Birgitte ; Hannon, Gina E. ; Halsall, Karen ; Bradshaw, Richard H. W. / Long-term forest dynamics at Gribskov, eastern Denmark with early-Holocene evidence for thermophilous broadleaved tree species. I: The Holocene. 2013 ; Vol. 23, Nr. 2. s. 243-254.

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Long-term forest dynamics at Gribskov, eastern Denmark with early-Holocene evidence for thermophilous broadleaved tree species

AU - Overballe-Petersen, Mette Venas

AU - Nielsen, Anne Birgitte

AU - Hannon, Gina E.

AU - Halsall, Karen

AU - Bradshaw, Richard H. W.

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - We report on a full-Holocene pollen, charcoal and macrofossil record from a small forest hollow in Gribskov, eastern Denmark. The Fagus sylvatica pollen record suggests the establishment of a small Fagus population at Gribskov in the early Holocene together with early establishment of other thermophilous broadleaved trees, including Quercus sp., Tilia sp. and Ulmus sp. The macrofossils contribute to the vegetation reconstruction with evidence for local presence of species with low pollen productivity or easily degraded pollen types such as Populus. The charcoal record shows frequent burning during two periods of the early Holocene and from c. 3000 cal. BP to present. The early-Holocene part of the record indicates a highly disturbed forest ecosystem with frequent fires and abundant macrofossils of particularly Betula sp. and Populus sp. The sediment stratigraphy and age-depth relationships give no clear indication of post-depositional disturbance, although a possible short-lived hiatus occurs around 6500 cal. BP. The early pollen record from thermophilous trees could indicate that there may have been some downwash following sediment desiccation through wood peat layers deposited between c. 6500 and 10,000 cal. BP, but the overall biostratigraphy is consistent with other Danish small hollow records.

AB - We report on a full-Holocene pollen, charcoal and macrofossil record from a small forest hollow in Gribskov, eastern Denmark. The Fagus sylvatica pollen record suggests the establishment of a small Fagus population at Gribskov in the early Holocene together with early establishment of other thermophilous broadleaved trees, including Quercus sp., Tilia sp. and Ulmus sp. The macrofossils contribute to the vegetation reconstruction with evidence for local presence of species with low pollen productivity or easily degraded pollen types such as Populus. The charcoal record shows frequent burning during two periods of the early Holocene and from c. 3000 cal. BP to present. The early-Holocene part of the record indicates a highly disturbed forest ecosystem with frequent fires and abundant macrofossils of particularly Betula sp. and Populus sp. The sediment stratigraphy and age-depth relationships give no clear indication of post-depositional disturbance, although a possible short-lived hiatus occurs around 6500 cal. BP. The early pollen record from thermophilous trees could indicate that there may have been some downwash following sediment desiccation through wood peat layers deposited between c. 6500 and 10,000 cal. BP, but the overall biostratigraphy is consistent with other Danish small hollow records.

KW - broadleaved trees

KW - charcoal

KW - Denmark

KW - forest history

KW - macrofossils

KW - pollen analysis

U2 - 10.1177/0959683612455549

DO - 10.1177/0959683612455549

M3 - Article

VL - 23

SP - 243

EP - 254

JO - The Holocene

JF - The Holocene

SN - 0959-6836

IS - 2

ER -