Low prevalence of smoking in patients with autism spectrum disorders

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

Abstract

Psychiatric patients are significantly more often smokers than the general population, the only known exception being obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and catatonic schizophrenia. We have investigated nicotine use in subjects with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Ninety-five subjects (25 females and 70 males) consecutively diagnosed with any ASD and of normal intelligence were included in the study. Only 12.6% were smokers, compared with 19% in the general population and 47% in a control group of 161 outpatients diagnosed with schizophrenia or a schizophreniform disorder. The results suggest that smoking is rare among subjects with ASD, while the opposite was shown for schizophrenia. If replicated, this finding could suggest biological differences between non-catatonic schizophrenia and ASD, and support the theory of a biological link between ASD and a subtype of OCD, and between ASD and catatonic schizophrenia. (C) 2003 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

Detaljer

Författare
Enheter & grupper
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Psykiatri

Nyckelord

Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)177-182
TidskriftPsychiatry Research
Volym119
Utgivningsnummer1-2
StatusPublished - 2003
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa