Low spin heme A in the heme A biosynthetic protein CtaA from Bacillus subtilis
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Synthesis of heme A from heme B (protoheme IX) most likely occurs in two steps with heme O as an intermediate. Bacillus subtilis CtaB, an integral membrane protein, functions in farnesylation of heme B to form heme O. CtaA, also a membrane protein, is required for heme A synthesis from heme O and appears to be a monooxygenase and/or a dehydrogenase. Wild-type ctaA and ctaB expressed together from plasmids in B. subtilis resulted in CtaA containing equimolar amounts of low-spin heme B and heme A; this form of CtaA was named cyt ba -CTA. A mutant ctaB gene was identified and characterised. It encodes a truncated CtaB polypeptide. Wild-type ctaA and the mutant ctaB gene on plasmids resulted in CtaA containing mainly low-spin heme B; this variant was named cyt b -CTA. The heme B component in cyt ba -CTA and cyt b -CTA showed identical properties; a mid-point redox potential of +85 mV, an EPR gmax signal at 3.7, and a split α-band light absorption peak. The heme A component in cyt ba -CTA showed a mid-point potential of +242 mV, an EPR gmax signal at 3.5, and the α-band light absorption peak at 585 nm. It is suggested that the CtaA protein contains two heme binding sites, one for heme B and one for substrate heme. The heme B would play a role in electron transfer, i.e. function as a cytochrome, in the monooxygenase and/or dehydrogenase reaction catalysed by CtaA whereas heme O/heme A would be substrate/product.
|Enheter & grupper|
Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK
|Tidskrift||European Journal of Biochemistry|
|Status||Published - 1996|
|Peer review utförd||Ja|