Magic DIAMOND: Multi-fascicle diffusion compartment imaging with tensor distribution modeling and tensor-valued diffusion encoding

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Diffusion tensor imaging provides increased sensitivity to microstructural tissue changes compared to conventional anatomical imaging but also presents limited specificity. To tackle this problem, the DIAMOND model subdivides the voxel content into diffusion compartments and draws from diffusion-weighted data to estimate compartmental non-central matrix-variate Gamma distributions of diffusion tensors. It models each sub-voxel fascicle separately, resolving crossing white-matter pathways and allowing for a fascicle-element (fixel) based analysis of microstructural features. Alternatively, specific features of the intra-voxel diffusion tensor distribution can be selectively measured using tensor-valued diffusion-weighted acquisition schemes. However, the impact of such schemes on estimating brain microstructural features has only been studied in a handful of parametric single-fascicle models. In this work, we derive a general Laplace transform for the non-central matrix-variate Gamma distribution, which enables the extension of DIAMOND to tensor-valued encoded data. We then evaluate this “Magic DIAMOND” model in silico and in vivo on various combinations of tensor-valued encoded data. Assessing uncertainty on parameter estimation via stratified bootstrap, we investigate both voxel-based and fixel-based metrics by carrying out multi-peak tractography. We demonstrate using in silico evaluations that tensor-valued diffusion encoding significantly improves Magic DIAMOND's accuracy. Most importantly, we show in vivo that our estimated metrics can be robustly mapped along tracks across regions of fiber crossing, which opens new perspectives for tractometry and microstructure mapping along specific white-matter tracts.


Enheter & grupper
Externa organisationer
  • Université de Sherbrooke
  • Random Walk Imaging AB
  • Boston Children's Hospital
  • Philips Healthcare Canada

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Radiologi och bildbehandling
  • Medicinsk bildbehandling


TidskriftMedical Image Analysis
StatusPublished - 2021
Peer review utfördJa