Maintaining cognitive function with internet use: A two-country, six-year longitudinal study

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Abstract

Objectives: Maintaining good cognitive function with aging may be aided by technology such as computers, tablets, and their applications. Little research so far has investigated whether internet use helps to maintain cognitive function over time.Design: Two population-based studies with a longitudinal design from 2001/2003 (T1) to 2007/2010 (T2).Setting: Sweden and the Netherlands.Participants: Older adults aged 66 years and above from the Swedish National Study on Ageing and Care (N = 2,564) and from the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam (N = 683).Measurements: Internet use was self-reported. Using the scores from the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) from T1 and T2, both a difference score and a significant change index was calculated. Linear and logistic regression analysis were performed with difference score and significant change index, respectively, as the dependent variable and internet use as the independent variable, and adjusted for sex, education, age, living situation, and functional limitations. Using a meta-analytic approach, summary coefficients were calculated across both studies.Results: Internet use at baseline was 26.4% in Sweden and 13.3% in the Netherlands. Significant cognitive decline over six years amounted to 9.2% in Sweden and 17.0% in the Netherlands. Considering the difference score, the summary linear regression coefficient for internet use was-0.32 (95% CI:-0.62,-0.02). Considering the significant change index, the summary odds ratio for internet use was 0.54 (95% CI: 0.37, 0.78).Conclusions: The results suggest that internet use might play a role in maintaining cognitive functioning. Further research into the specific activities that older adults are doing on the internet may shine light on this issue.

Detaljer

Författare
  • Jessica Berner
  • Hannie Comijs
  • Sölve Elmståhl
  • Anna Karin Welmer
  • Johan Sanmartin Berglund
  • Peter Anderberg
  • Dorly Deeg
Enheter & grupper
Externa organisationer
  • VU University Medical Center
  • Skåne University Hospital
  • Karolinska Institute
  • Blekinge Institute of Technology
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Gerontologi, medicinsk/hälsovetenskaplig inriktning

Nyckelord

Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)929-936
Antal sidor8
TidskriftInternational Psychogeriatrics
Volym31
Utgivningsnummer7
StatusPublished - 2019 jul 1
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa