Managing choice uncertainties in life-cycle assessment as a decision-support tool for building design: A case study on building framework

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

Abstract

To establish a circular economy in society, it is crucial to incorporate life-cycle studies, such as life-cycle assessment (LCA), in the design process of products in order to mitigate the well-recognized problem of the design paradox. The aim of the study was to provide means in a structured way to highlight choice uncertainty present in LCA when used as decision support, as well as to mitigate subjective interpretations of the numerical results leading to arbitrary decisions. The study focused on choices available when defining the goal and scope of a life-cycle assessment. The suggested approach is intended to be used in the early design phases of complex products with high levels of uncertainty in the product life-cycle. To demonstrate and evaluate the approach, a life-cycle assessment was conducted of two design options for a specific building. In the case study two types of building frameworks were compared from an environmental perspective by calculating the global warming potential, eutrophication potential, acidification potential, stratospheric ozone depletion potential and photochemical oxidants creation potential. In the study, a procedure named the Decision Choices Procedure (DCP) was developed to improve LCA as an effective tool for decision support concerning design alternatives when less information is available. The advantages and drawbacks of the proposed approach are discussed to spur further improvements in the use of LCA as a decision-support tool.

Detaljer

Författare
Enheter & grupper
Externa organisationer
  • Research Institutes of Sweden (RISE)
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Miljöanalys och bygginformationsteknik

Nyckelord

Originalspråkengelska
Artikelnummer5130
TidskriftSustainability (Switzerland)
Volym12
Utgåva nummer12
StatusPublished - 2020
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa