Mariages clandestins dans la Suède médiévale: le témoignage des statuts synodaux

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

Abstract

According to medieval canon law, mutual consent was sufficient to create a valid marriage. A marriage contracted secretly could thus be perfectly valid. Such marriages, i.e. clandestine marriages, did however constitute one of the major problems in the marriage legislation of the medieval Catholic Church. This problem was particularly apparent at the local level and practically all synodal statutes in medieval Europe contain multiple prohibitions against such marriages. In this context, Swedish synodal statutes constitute an exception by the relatively modest place accorded to this problem.
This article compares the references to clandestine marriages in Swedish and French synodal statutes, analyzes their differences and explores the Swedish legal tradition to determine possible explanations for them. Swedish secular laws contained detailed rules for the formation of marriage that guaranteed a certain publicity. This made clandestine marriages, in the sense of marriages contracted secretly without witnesses, relatively scarce. Swedish synodal statutes reflect this situation, shows the implications of the Swedish matrimonial tradition, and how canon law was adapted to the Swedish context.

Detaljer

Författare
Enheter & grupper
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Idé- och lärdomshistoria

Nyckelord

Originalspråkfranska
Sidor (från-till)169-186
TidskriftMedievales
Volym67
StatusPublished - 2014
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa

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