Mast cell-derived tumour necrosis factor-alpha mediates macrophage inflammatory protein-2-induced recruitment of neutrophils in mice.

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1 Recent studies have indicated that mast cells play an intermediate role in chemokine-induced neutrophil recruitment in vivo. 2 The aim of the present investigation was to determine the role of tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) in neutrophil recruitment provoked by the CXC chemokine macrophage inflammatory protein-2 (MIP-2). For this purpose, we used mast cell- and TNF-alpha-deficient mice and studied neutrophil adhesion to endothelial cells in vitro and neutrophil recruitment in the mouse cremaster muscle in vivo. 3 In contrast to the classical chemoattractant formyl-methionine-leucine-phenylalanin ( fMLP), MIP-2 dose dependently increased neutrophil accumulation in vivo. This MIP-2-regulated neutrophil recruitment was abolished in mast cell- deficient mice. 4 TNF-alpha increased E-selectin mRNA expression in both wild-type (WT) and mast cell-deficient mice. In contrast, MIP-2 challenge increased gene expression of E-selectin in WT but not in mast cell-deficient animals. Moreover, MIP-2-provoked extravascular accumulation of neutrophils was reduced by 78% in mice lacking TNF-alpha. 5 In order to better define the role of mast cell-derived TNF-alpha in neutrophil responses to MIP-2, we used an in vitro endothelial cell adhesion assay with and without mast cells. Interestingly, MIP-2-induced neutrophil adhesion to endothelial cells was decreased by 58% using TNF-alpha-deficient compared to WT mast cells. Moreover, mast cell secretion of TNF-alpha increased by more than 71% in response to challenge with MIP-2. 6 Taken together, our results suggest that MIP-2-induced neutrophil recruitment is mediated by TNF-alpha released from local mast cells. These findings help to explain the complex molecular interactions between chemokines, mast cell activation and neutrophil infiltration in vivo.


Enheter & grupper

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Farmakologi och toxikologi


Sidor (från-till)1062-1068
TidskriftBritish Journal of Pharmacology
StatusPublished - 2005
Peer review utfördJa