Men With Late Effects of Polio Decline More Than Women in Lower Limb Muscle Strength: A 4-Year Longitudinal Study.

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In persons with prior paralytic poliomyelitis, progressive muscle weakness can occur after a stable period of at least 15 years. Knowledge is limited about which factors influence changes in lower limb muscle strength in these persons. Objective. To assess changes in lower limb muscle strength annually over 4 years in persons with late effects of polio and to identify prognostic factors for changes in muscle strength. A prospective, longitudinal study. University hospital outpatient program. Fifty-two ambulant persons (mean age ± standard deviation: 64 ± 6 years) with verified late effects of polio.
Mixed linear models were used to analyze changes in muscle strength and to identify determinants among the following covariates: gender, age, age at acute polio infection, time with late effects of polio, body mass index, and estimated baseline muscle weakness.
Knee extensor and flexor and ankle dorsiflexor muscle strength were measured annually with a Biodex dynamometer.
The men (n = 28) had significant linear change over time for all knee muscle strength measurements, from −1.4% (P < .05) per year for isokinetic knee flexion in the less-affected lower limb to −4.2% (P < .001) for isokinetic knee extension in the more-affected lower limb, and for 2 ankle dorsiflexor muscle strength measurements (−3.3%-1.4% per year [P < .05]). The women (n = 24) had a significant linear change over time only for ankle dorsiflexor measurements (4.0%-5.5% per year [P < .01]). Gender was the strongest factor that predicted a change in muscle strength over time.Over 4 years, men had a greater decline in muscle strength than did women, but the rate of decline did not accelerate. This finding indicates that gender could be a contributing factor to the progressive decline in muscle strength in persons with late effects of polio.


Enheter & grupper

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Övrig annan medicin och hälsovetenskap
Sidor (från-till)1127-1136
StatusPublished - 2015
Peer review utfördJa


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