Methods for measuring arctic and alpine shrub growth: A review

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Bibtex

@article{4089e5ae6ee54cdaa95e90cfffe5a729,
title = "Methods for measuring arctic and alpine shrub growth: A review",
abstract = "Shrubs have increased in abundance and dominance in arctic and alpine regions in recent decades. This often dramatic change, likely due to climate warming, has the potential to alter both the structure and function of tundra ecosystems. The analysis of shrub growth is improving our understanding of tundra vegetation dynamics and environmental changes. However, dendrochronological methods developed for trees, need to be adapted for the morphology and growth eccentricity of shrubs. Here, we review current and developing methods to measure radial and axial growth, estimate age, and assess growth dynamics in relation to environmental variables. Recent advances in sampling methods, analysis and applications have improved our ability to investigate growth and recruitment dynamics of shrubs. However, to extrapolate findings to the biome scale, future dendroecological work will require improved approaches that better address variation in growth within parts of the plant, among individuals within populations and between species.",
keywords = "Dendrochronology, Dendroecology, Growth rings, Shrub, Stem increments, Tundra",
author = "Myers-Smith, {Isla H.} and Martin Hallinger and Daan Blok and Ute Sass-Klaassen and Rayback, {Shelly A.} and Stef Weijers and Trant, {Andrew J.} and Tape, {Ken D.} and Naito, {Adam T.} and Sonja Wipf and Christian Rixen and Dawes, {Melissa A.} and Wheeler, {Julia A.} and Agata Buchwal and Claudia Baittinger and Marc Macias-Fauria and Forbes, {Bruce C.} and Esther L{\'e}vesque and No{\'e}mie Boulanger-Lapointe and Ilka Beil and Virve Ravolainen and Martin Wilmking",
year = "2015",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.earscirev.2014.10.004",
language = "English",
volume = "140",
pages = "1--13",
journal = "Earth-Science Reviews",
issn = "1872-6828",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}