Middle thrust sheets in the caledonide orogen, sweden: The outer margin of baltica, the continent–ocean transition zone and late Cambrian–Ordovician subduction–accretion

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Abstract

Nappes of continental outer and outermost margin affinities (Middle Allochthon) were transported from locations west of the present Norwegian coast and thrust eastwards onto the Baltoscandian foreland basin and platform. They are of higher metamorphic grade than underlying thrust sheets and most are more penetratively deformed. These allochthons are treated here in three groups. The lower thrust sheets comprise Paleoproterozoic crystalline basement (e.g. Tännäs Augen Gneiss Nappe) and greenschist facies, Neoproterozoic, siliciclastic metasedimentary rocks (e.g. Offerdal Nappe). These are overthrust by a Cryogenian’Ediacaran succession intruded by c. 600 Ma dolerites (Baltoscandian Dyke Swarm) with an affinity to mid-ocean ridge basalt containing normal to enriched incompatible element contents (Särv Nappes). The upper sheets are dominated by higher-grade allochthons (Seve Nappe Complex) with similar, mainly siliciclastic sedimentary protoliths, more mafic magmatism and some solitary ultramafic bodies. Within this early Ediacaran continent’ocean transition zone (COT) assemblage, generally metamorphosed in amphibolite facies, some nappes experienced migmatization, and eclogites are present. Evidence of ultrahigh-pressure metamorphism has been obtained from garnet peridotites and eclogites; recently, microdiamonds have been discovered in paragneisses. Subduction of the COT started by the late Cambrian and accretion continued through the Ordovician, prior to the Baltica–Laurentia collision. Thrusting of all these Middle allochthons onto the foreland basin exceeds a distance of 400 km.

Detaljer

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Enheter & grupper
Externa organisationer
  • Uppsala universitet
  • Luleå University of Technology
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Geologi
Originalspråkengelska
Titel på värdpublikationGeological Society Memoir
FörlagGeological Society of London
Sidor517-548
Antal sidor32
Utgåva1
StatusPublished - 2020
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa

Publikationsserier

NamnGeological Society Memoir
Nummer1
Volym50
ISSN (tryckt)0435-4052