Migration and housing regimes in Sweden 1739-1982

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Migration and housing regimes in Sweden 1739-1982. / Brunnström, Pål; Gladoic Håkansson, Peter; Uppenberg, Carolina.

I: Scandinavian Journal of History, 12.12.2020.

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Migration and housing regimes in Sweden 1739-1982

AU - Brunnström, Pål

AU - Gladoic Håkansson, Peter

AU - Uppenberg, Carolina

PY - 2020/12/12

Y1 - 2020/12/12

N2 - This article aims to analyse the changes in migration regimes in Sweden over the period 1739–1982. We have chosen to divide this into four periods where each is characterized as a specific regime: the pre-industrial period (1739–1860), the laissez faire period (1860–1932), the rising ambitions period (1932–1951) and the Rehn-Meidner period (1951–1982). These four periods reveal different approaches held by the state regarding labour migration and housing. During the pre-industrial period, rules and regulations hindered mobility and aimed to keep the labour force in agriculture. During the laissez faire period, migration increased, but construction and housing was largely left to the market. During the rising ambitions period, a laissez faire approach was maintained towards migration, but both the government and non-profit organizations became increasingly involved in housing. During the Rehn-Meidner period, internal migration was stimulated, and in the course of ten years, one million homes were built with government support. The differences between the periods are not clear-cut. There were dual and contradictory ideas and policies during each period. This duality provides an important theoretical starting point for this study. Other significant starting points are the long-term perspective taken and the idea that these periods can be analysed as regimes.

AB - This article aims to analyse the changes in migration regimes in Sweden over the period 1739–1982. We have chosen to divide this into four periods where each is characterized as a specific regime: the pre-industrial period (1739–1860), the laissez faire period (1860–1932), the rising ambitions period (1932–1951) and the Rehn-Meidner period (1951–1982). These four periods reveal different approaches held by the state regarding labour migration and housing. During the pre-industrial period, rules and regulations hindered mobility and aimed to keep the labour force in agriculture. During the laissez faire period, migration increased, but construction and housing was largely left to the market. During the rising ambitions period, a laissez faire approach was maintained towards migration, but both the government and non-profit organizations became increasingly involved in housing. During the Rehn-Meidner period, internal migration was stimulated, and in the course of ten years, one million homes were built with government support. The differences between the periods are not clear-cut. There were dual and contradictory ideas and policies during each period. This duality provides an important theoretical starting point for this study. Other significant starting points are the long-term perspective taken and the idea that these periods can be analysed as regimes.

KW - Mobility

KW - million programme

KW - own-home movement

KW - Servant Act

KW - migration regimes

U2 - 10.1080/03468755.2020.1843532

DO - 10.1080/03468755.2020.1843532

M3 - Article

JO - Scandinavian Journal of History

JF - Scandinavian Journal of History

SN - 1502-7716

ER -