Miocene restriction of the Pacific-North Atlantic throughflow strengthened Atlantic overturning circulation

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Miocene restriction of the Pacific-North Atlantic throughflow strengthened Atlantic overturning circulation. / Kirillova, Valeriia; Osborne, Anne H.; Störling, Tjördis; Frank, Martin.

I: Nature Communications, Vol. 10, Nr. 1, 4025, 06.09.2019.

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

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T1 - Miocene restriction of the Pacific-North Atlantic throughflow strengthened Atlantic overturning circulation

AU - Kirillova, Valeriia

AU - Osborne, Anne H.

AU - Störling, Tjördis

AU - Frank, Martin

PY - 2019/9/6

Y1 - 2019/9/6

N2 - Export of warm and salty waters from the Caribbean to the North Atlantic is an essential component of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC). However, there was also an active AMOC during the Miocene, despite evidence for an open Central American Seaway (CAS) that would have allowed low-salinity Pacific waters to enter the Caribbean. To address this apparent contradiction and to constrain the timing of CAS closure we present the first continuous Nd isotope record of intermediate waters in the Florida Strait over the past 12.5 million years. Our results indicate that there was no direct intermediate water mass export from the Caribbean to the Florida Strait between 11.5 and 9.5 Ma, at the same time as a strengthened AMOC. After 9 Ma a strong AMOC was maintained due to a major step in CAS closure and the consequent cessation of low-salinity Pacific waters entering the Caribbean.

AB - Export of warm and salty waters from the Caribbean to the North Atlantic is an essential component of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC). However, there was also an active AMOC during the Miocene, despite evidence for an open Central American Seaway (CAS) that would have allowed low-salinity Pacific waters to enter the Caribbean. To address this apparent contradiction and to constrain the timing of CAS closure we present the first continuous Nd isotope record of intermediate waters in the Florida Strait over the past 12.5 million years. Our results indicate that there was no direct intermediate water mass export from the Caribbean to the Florida Strait between 11.5 and 9.5 Ma, at the same time as a strengthened AMOC. After 9 Ma a strong AMOC was maintained due to a major step in CAS closure and the consequent cessation of low-salinity Pacific waters entering the Caribbean.

U2 - 10.1038/s41467-019-12034-7

DO - 10.1038/s41467-019-12034-7

M3 - Article

VL - 10

JO - Nature Communications

JF - Nature Communications

SN - 2041-1723

IS - 1

M1 - 4025

ER -