Modeling of inhomogeneous compression effects of porous GDL on transport phenomena and performance in PEM fuel cells

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Abstract

A comprehensive, three-dimensional model of a proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cell based on a steady state code has been developed. The model is validated and further be applied to investigate the effects of various porosity of the gas diffusion layer (GDL) below channel land areas, on thermal diffusivity, temperature distribution, oxygen diffusion coefficient, oxygen concentration, activation loss and local current density. The porosity variation of the GDL is caused by the clamping force during assembling, in terms of various compression ratios, that is, 0%, 10%, 20%, 30% and 40%. The simulation results show that the higher compression ratio on the GDL leads to lower porosity, and this is helpful for the heat removal from the cell. The compression effects of the GDL below the land areas have a contrary impact on the oxygen diffusion coefficient, oxygen concentration, cathode activation loss, local current density and cell performance. Generally, a lower porosity leads to a smaller oxygen diffusion coefficient, a less uniform oxygen concentration, a higher activation loss, a smaller local current density and worse cell performance. In order to have a better cell performance, the clamping force on the cell should be as low as possible but ensure gas sealing.

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Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Energiteknik

Nyckelord

Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)985-1003
Antal sidor19
TidskriftInternational Journal of Energy Research
Volym41
Utgåva nummer7
StatusPublished - 2017 jun 10
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa