Modelling future soil chemistry at a highly polluted forest site at Istebna in Southern Poland using the "SAFE" model

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The multi-layer dynamic model SAFE was applied to the forested catchment istebna (Southern Poland), to study recovery from acidification. Environmental pollution in the area has been historically high. The model uses data from an intensive monitoring plot established in 1999 in a spruce stand, which was planted in 1880. Observations showed that the soil was depleted of base cations. The measured base saturation in 1999 was between 5 and 8% in the different soil layers. Model predictions assuming full implementation of the UNECE 1999 Gothenburg Protocol and present day base cation deposition show that the base saturation will slowly increase to 20% by 2100. Despite large emission reductions, Istebna still suffers from the very high loads of acidifying input during the past decades. Soil recovery depends on future emissions especially on base cation deposition. The recovery will be even slower if the base cation deposition decreases further. (c) 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


  • S Malek
  • Liisa Fransson
  • Harald Sverdrup
Enheter & grupper

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Kemiteknik
Sidor (från-till)568-573
TidskriftEnvironmental Pollution
StatusPublished - 2005
Peer review utfördJa