Native aortic versus mitral valve infective endocarditis: A nationwide registry study

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Abstract

Background Native aortic and mitral valve infective endocarditis (AVE and MVE, respectively) are usually grouped together as left-sided native valve infective endocarditis (LNVE), while the differences between AVE and MVE have not yet been properly investigated. We aimed to compare AVE and MVE in regard to patient characteristics, microbiology and determinants of survival. Methods We conducted a retrospective study using the Swedish national registry on infective endocarditis, which contains nationwide patient data. The study period was 2007-2017, and included cases were patients who had either AVE or MVE. Results We included 649 AVE and 744 MVE episodes. Staphylococcus aureus was more often the causative pathogen in MVE (41% vs 31%, p<0.001), whereas enterococci were more often the causative pathogen in AVE (14% vs 7.4%, p<0.001). Perivalvular involvement occurred more frequently in AVE (8.5% vs 3.5%, p<0.001) and brain emboli more frequently in MVE (21% vs 13%, p<0.001). Surgery for IE was performed more often (35% vs 27%, p<0.001) and sooner after diagnosis (6.5 days vs 9 days, p=0.012) in AVE than in MVE. Several risk predictors differed between the two groups. Conclusions The microbiology seems to differ between AVE and MVE. The causative pathogen was not associated with mortality in AVE. The between-group differences regarding clinical presentation and predictors of survival indicate that it may be important to differentiate AVE from MVE in the treatment of LNVE.

Detaljer

Författare
Enheter & grupper
Externa organisationer
  • Skåne University Hospital
  • Catholic University of Leuven
  • Göteborgs universitet
  • Lund University
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Kardiologi

Nyckelord

Originalspråkengelska
Artikelnummere000926
TidskriftOpen Heart
Volym6
Utgivningsnummer1
StatusPublished - 2019 feb 27
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa