Negative-pressure wound therapy for prevention and treatment of surgical-site infections after vascular surgery

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Background: Indications for negative-pressure wound therapy (NPWT) in vascular surgical patients are expanding. The aim of this review was to outline the evidence for NPWT on open and closed wounds. Methods: A PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane Library search from 2007 to June 2016 was performed combining the medical subject headings terms 'wound infection', 'abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA)', 'fasciotomy', 'vascular surgery' and 'NPWT' or 'VAC'. Results: NPWT of open infected groin wounds was associated with shorter duration of wound healing by 47days, and was more cost-effective than alginate dressings in one RCT. In one RCT and six observational studies, NPWT-related major bleeding and graft preservation rates were 0-10 and 83-100 per cent respectively. One retrospective comparative study showed greater wound size reduction per day, fewer dressing changes, quicker wound closure and shorter hospital stay with NPWT compared with gauze dressings for lower leg fasciotomy. NPWT and mesh-mediated fascial traction after AAA repair and open abdomen was associated with high primary fascial closure rates (96-100 per cent) and low risk of graft infection (0-7 per cent). One retrospective comparative study showed a significant reduction in surgical-site infection, from 30 per cent with standard wound care to 6 per cent with closed incisional NPWT. Conclusion: NPWT has a central role in open and infected wounds after vascular surgery; the results of prophylactic care of closed incisions are promising.


Enheter & grupper
Externa organisationer
  • Uppsala universitet

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Kirurgi
Sidor (från-till)e75-e84
TidskriftBritish Journal of Surgery
Utgåva nummer2
StatusPublished - 2017
Peer review utfördJa