Novel Coronavirus Infection (COVID-19) in Humans: A Scoping Review and Meta-Analysis

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragÖversiktsartikel

Abstract

A growing body of literature on the 2019 novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) is becoming available, but a synthesis of available data has not been conducted. We performed a scoping review of currently available clinical, epidemiological, laboratory, and chest imaging data related to the SARS-CoV-2 infection. We searched MEDLINE, Cochrane CENTRAL, EMBASE, Scopus and LILACS from 01 January 2019 to 24 February 2020. Study selection, data extraction and risk of bias assessment were performed by two independent reviewers. Qualitative synthesis and meta-analysis were conducted using the clinical and laboratory data, and random-effects models were applied to estimate pooled results. A total of 61 studies were included (59,254 patients). The most common disease-related symptoms were fever (82%, 95% confidence interval (CI) 56%–99%; n = 4410), cough (61%, 95% CI 39%–81%; n = 3985), muscle aches and/or fatigue (36%, 95% CI 18%–55%; n = 3778), dyspnea (26%, 95% CI 12%–41%; n = 3700), headache in 12% (95% CI 4%–23%, n = 3598 patients), sore throat in 10% (95% CI 5%–17%, n = 1387) and gastrointestinal symptoms in 9% (95% CI 3%–17%, n = 1744). Laboratory findings were described in a lower number of patients and revealed lymphopenia (0.93 × 109/L, 95% CI 0.83–1.03 × 109/L, n = 464) and abnormal C-reactive protein (33.72 mg/dL, 95% CI 21.54–45.91 mg/dL; n = 1637). Radiological findings varied, but mostly described ground-glass opacities and consolidation. Data on treatment options were limited. All-cause mortality was 0.3% (95% CI 0.0%–1.0%; n = 53,631). Epidemiological studies showed that mortality was higher in males and elderly patients. The majority of reported clinical symptoms and laboratory findings related to SARS-CoV-2 infection are non-specific. Clinical suspicion, accompanied by a relevant epidemiological history, should be followed by early imaging and virological assay.

Detaljer

Författare
  • Israel Júnior Borges do Nascimento
  • Nensi Cacic
  • Hebatullah Mohamed Abdulazeem
  • Thilo Caspar von Groote
  • Umesh Jayarajah
  • Ishanka Weerasekara
  • Meisam Abdar Esfahani
  • Vinicius Tassoni Civile
  • Ana Marusic
  • Ana Jeroncic
  • Nelson Carvas Junior
  • Tina Poklepovic Pericic
  • Irena Zakarija-Grkovic
  • Silvana Mangeon Meirelles Guimarães
  • Nicola Luigi Bragazzi
  • Ahmad Sofi-Mahmudi
  • Mohammad Altujjar
  • Maoyi Tian
  • Diana Maria Cespedes Arcani
  • Dónal P. O’Mathúna
  • Milena Soriano Marcolino
Enheter & grupper
Externa organisationer
  • Federal University of Minas Gerais
  • University of Split
  • Technical University of Munich
  • University of Münster
  • University of Colombo
  • University of Newcastle
  • Federal University of São Paulo
  • Cochrane Brazil
  • York University
  • University of Toledo
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Infektionsmedicin
Originalspråkengelska
Artikelnummer941
TidskriftJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volym9
Utgåva nummer941
StatusPublished - 2020 mar 30
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa