Nuclear medicine: Physics and instrumentation special feature review article: SPECT/CT: An update on technological developments and clinical applications

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragÖversiktsartikel

Abstract

Functional nuclear medicine imaging with single-photon emission CT (SPECT) in combination with anatomical CT has been commercially available since the beginning of this century. The combination of the two modalities has improved both the sensitivity and specificity of many clinical applications and CT in conjunction with SPECT that allows for spatial overlay of the SPECT data on good anatomy images. Introduction of diagnostic CT units as part of the SPECT/CT system has also potentially allowed for a more cost-efficient use of the equipment. Most of the SPECT systems available are based on the well-known Anger camera principle with Nal(TI) as a scintillation material, parallel-hole collimators and multiple photomultiplier tubes, which, from the centroid of the scintillation light, determine the position of an event. Recently, solid-state detectors using cadmium-zinc-Telluride became available and clinical SPECT cameras employing multiple pinhole collimators have been developed and introduced in the market. However, even if new systems become available with better hardware, the SPECT reconstruction will still be affected by photon attenuation and scatter and collimator response. Compensation for these effects is needed even for qualitative studies to avoid artefacts leading to false positives. This review highlights ):he recent progress for both new SPECT cameras systems as well as for various data-processing and compensation methods.

Detaljer

Författare
Enheter & grupper
Externa organisationer
  • Tufts University School of Medicine
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Radiologi och bildbehandling
Originalspråkengelska
Artikelnummer20160402
TidskriftBritish Journal of Radiology
Volym91
Utgåva nummer1081
StatusPublished - 2018
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa