On the initial binary population for star cluster simulations

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Colour–magnitude diagrams (CMDs) are powerful tools that might be used to infer stellar properties in globular clusters (GCs), for example, the binary fraction and their mass ratio (q) distribution. In the past few years, observations have revealed that q distributions of GC main-sequence binaries are generally flat, and a distribution characterized by a strong increase towards q ≈ 1 is not typical in GCs. In numerical simulations of GC evolution with the initial binary population (IBP) described by Kroupa, synthetic CMD colour distributions exhibit a peak associated with binaries that have q ≈ 1. While the Kroupa IBP reproduces binary properties in star-forming regions, clusters and the Galactic field, the peak in the q distribution towards q ≈ 1 observed for GC simulations is not consistent with distributions derived from observations. The objective of this paper is to refine and further improve the physical formulation of pre-main-sequence eigenevolution proposed by Kroupa in order to achieve CMD colour distributions of simulated GC models similar to those observed in real GCs, and to get a similarly good agreement with binary properties for late-type binaries in the Galactic field. We present in this paper a modified Kroupa IBP, in which early-type stars follow observational distributions, and late-type stars are generated according to slightly modified pre-main-sequence eigenevolution prescriptions. Our modifications not only lead to a qualitatively good agreement with respect to long-term observations of late-type binaries in the Galactic field but also resolve the above-mentioned problem related to binary distributions in GC models.


  • Diogo Belloni
  • Abbas Askar
  • Mirek Giersz
  • Pavel Kroupa
  • Helio J. Rocha-Pinto
Externa organisationer
  • Nicolaus Copernicus Astronomical Center of the Polish Academy of Sciences

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Astronomi, astrofysik och kosmologi
Sidor (från-till)2812-2828
Antal sidor17
TidskriftMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
StatusPublished - 2017 jul 1
Peer review utfördJa
Externt publiceradJa