On the rationale of resilience in the domain of safety: A literature review

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On the rationale of resilience in the domain of safety: A literature review. / Bergström, Johan; van-Winsen, Roel; Henriqson, Eder.

I: Reliability Engineering & System Safety, Vol. 141, 2015, s. 131-141.

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragÖversiktsartikel

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TY - JOUR

T1 - On the rationale of resilience in the domain of safety: A literature review

AU - Bergström, Johan

AU - van-Winsen, Roel

AU - Henriqson, Eder

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - Resilience is becoming a prevalent agenda in safety research and organisational practice. In this study we examine how the peer-reviewed safety science literature (a) formulates the rationale behind the study of resilience; (b) constructs resilience as a scientific object; and (c) constructs and locates the resilient subject. The results suggest that resilience engineering scholars typically motivate the need for their studies by referring to the inherent complexities of modern socio-technical systems; complexities that make these systems inherently risky. The object of resilience then becomes the capacity to adapt to such emerging risks in order to guarantee the success of the inherently risky system. In the material reviewed, the subject of resilience is typically the individual, either at the sharp end or at higher managerial levels. The individual is called-upon to adapt in the face of risk to secure the continuous performance of the system. Based on the results from how resilience has been introduced in safety sciences we raise three ethical questions for the field to address: (1) should resilience be seen as people thriving despite of, or because of, risk?; (2) should resilience theory form a basis for moral judgement?; and finally (3) how much should resilience be approached as a trait of the individual?

AB - Resilience is becoming a prevalent agenda in safety research and organisational practice. In this study we examine how the peer-reviewed safety science literature (a) formulates the rationale behind the study of resilience; (b) constructs resilience as a scientific object; and (c) constructs and locates the resilient subject. The results suggest that resilience engineering scholars typically motivate the need for their studies by referring to the inherent complexities of modern socio-technical systems; complexities that make these systems inherently risky. The object of resilience then becomes the capacity to adapt to such emerging risks in order to guarantee the success of the inherently risky system. In the material reviewed, the subject of resilience is typically the individual, either at the sharp end or at higher managerial levels. The individual is called-upon to adapt in the face of risk to secure the continuous performance of the system. Based on the results from how resilience has been introduced in safety sciences we raise three ethical questions for the field to address: (1) should resilience be seen as people thriving despite of, or because of, risk?; (2) should resilience theory form a basis for moral judgement?; and finally (3) how much should resilience be approached as a trait of the individual?

KW - High reliability theory

KW - Normal accidents

KW - Accident prevention

KW - Resilience engineering

KW - Resilience

U2 - 10.1016/j.ress.2015.03.008

DO - 10.1016/j.ress.2015.03.008

M3 - Review article

VL - 141

SP - 131

EP - 141

JO - Reliability Engineering & System Safety

JF - Reliability Engineering & System Safety

SN - 0951-8320

ER -