Onset of cohesion in cement paste

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It is generally agreed that the cohesion of cement paste occurs through the formation of a network of nanoparticles of a calcium-silicate-hydrate ("C-S-H"). However, the mechanism by which these particles develop this cohesion has not been established. Here we propose a dielectric continuum model which includes all ionic interactions within a dispersion of C-S-H particles. It takes into account all co-ions and counterions explicitly (with pure Coulomb interactions between ions and between ions and the surfaces) and makes no further assumptions concerning their hydration or their interactions with the surface sites. At high surface charge densities, the model shows that the surface charge of C-S-H particles is overcompensated by Ca2+ ions, giving a reversal of the apparent particle charge. Also, at high surface charge densities, the model predicts that the correlations of ions located around neighboring particles causes an attraction between the particle surfaces. This attraction has a range of approximately 3 nm and a magnitude of 1 nN, values that are in good agreement with recent AFM experiments. These predictions are stable with respect to small changes in surface-surface separation, hydrated ion radius, and dielectric constant of the solution. The model also describes the effect of changes in cement composition through the introduction of other ions, either monovalent (Na) or multivalent (aluminum or iron hydroxide).


Enheter & grupper

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Fysikalisk kemi
  • Teoretisk kemi
Sidor (från-till)6702-6709
Utgåva nummer16
StatusPublished - 2004
Peer review utfördJa